Known already the results of the Plebiscite, where the Rejection won comfortably at the national levelthe detail of the communal votes indicates that in just eight of the 346 communes of the country the Approval was victorious. The figures are decisive and for this reason it is worth zooming in on those few territories where the option that it lost in Sunday’s elections ended up winning. A telling fact: three are from Valparaíso and five from the Metropolitan. And there is no more.
The political analyst Javiera Arce comments, for example, that the success of the Rejection in the Valparaíso Region (57.61%) is explained by different factors: support for the government of President Gabriel Boric, perceptions of the Regional Government’s management and perceptions of the management of communal governments.
Arce says that there was not, nor is there, a “proxy” (or shortcut, correlation), between the personal preferences of the mayors –in the area, 61% voted I approve– and the result of the vote.
John Fernandez, one of the territories that had been classified as “special” in the constitutional proposal, it was the commune where Approval won with the highest percentage, although also the commune within these where there were fewer voters. were altogether 555with 315 leaning towards the winning option in the municipality, 226 for the Rejection (41.77%), in addition to 10 null and four blanks.
Here he acts as mayor Pablo Manriquez, independent supported by the conglomerate of the New Constitution, specifically the PPD. He has openly criticized that the state has “abandoned” the island and He has said that he feels represented by the Broad Front and the government of President Gabriel Boric.
On the other hand, in the archipelago the President had obtained 70.5% (282 votes) of the preferences for the presidential election and José Antonio Kast 29.5% (118 votes).
From Juan Fernández, Manríquez points out that “we were one of the communes with a high percentage of support for Approval, like Rapa Nui. This evidences the importance of the constitutional proposal that it had for the oceanic islands, in the sense of maintaining them as a special territory. and above all in the work, of a time of two years and of resources, for the construction of a special statute. It is something that we have not had, since the creation of the special territory of Juan Fernández – Rapa Nui, since 2007 (…) because to date we still do not have special statutes. That is why the community accepted this constitutional proposal in its highest percentage.
The highest municipal authority adds that his commune “will continue to work on the constitutional process to ensure that it remains in the new Constitution, continue as a special territory and the fight to incorporate the Desventuradas Islands into the territory of Juan Fernández. We have the opportunity to further improve our articles that were incorporated into the constitutional proposal”.
After Juan Fernandez, Easter Island, another of the territories that were proposed as “special” in the conventional text, was the commune where the highest percentage obtained the Approval. With 4,341 votes, 2,355 people opted for that option, while 1,865 they did it for the Rejection, adding to them 80 null and 41 blanks.
In Rapa Nui the mayor is Pedro Edmunds Paoaformer DC and now belonging to progressive party and maintained -although on a smaller scale- the trend that had been exhibited in the past presidential elections, where Boric won the 70.3% of the preferences (2,016 votes) and Kast the 29.7% (853 votes).
Coincidence or not, the mayor openly expressed his option for the Approvaljustifying that he would vote this way because, in his opinion, the proposal settled a historical debt with the island, in addition to finding it democratic.
The mayor explains that “what is proposed” in the constitutional proposal “is absolutely necessary and is here to stay. The entire social sphere; equity and gender justice; the issue of indigenous peoples as well, perhaps with that modification, which the right wing and the economic elite did not like very much, of consulting everything. I think that’s where we went to the pig. But that can be corrected.”
The victory of the Approval in Rapa Nui tries to explain why “The island has been demanding that the Treaty (of Wills with the State of Chile, of 1888, recognized in the constitutional proposal) be recognized, which is something more dignified,” he adds.
PAC was the commune of the Metropolitan Region where the highest percentage won the Approval. she did it with 42,015 votes of the 78,331 that were recorded. The Rejection was left with 45.15% of the preferences (34,583 votes), while there were 1,333 invalid and 400 blank.
In this municipality, the independent Luis Astudilloa doctor by profession and the son of socialist militants who lived in exile.
“In the commune, a transversal command was set up, through a social table, where all the progressive forces came together. So, a very exhaustive job was done, we went out into the street and talked with the neighbors door to door”, explains the community chief, who adds: “We we knew that we were going to have a good result here, we knew that the will of the people of the commune was there, because it was something that we felt in the street. We knew that it was not going to be with the margin that we had in the entry plebiscite, but we knew that we were going to have a victory. It also strikes us that there have been few communes where the Approval won”.
Here, for the last presidential elections, Boric crushed Kast, with a 72.7% versus 29.7% of the republican. Compared to the plebiscite, the percentage distance -and votes- narrowed considerably, going from 24,908 votes of advantage for the President to only 7,432 for Approval in Sunday’s deliberation.
The commune located to the south of Santiago also had Approvebo as the winner, with 36,580 of the preferences, before the 31,313 (46.12%) who obtained the Rejection. In addition, 1,345 null and 392 blanks are added.
In this case, the distance between Boric and Kast that was less than a year ago was also reduced. If in December 2021 the President took 71.1% of the votes (33,849 people) and Kast el 28.9% (13,773), with a difference of 20,076 votes, now it was 5,267.
And who is the mayor? Christopher Labrawho won his election as an independent and who is the son of former communist deputy Amaro Labra, one of the founders of the musical group Sol y Lluvia.
“We expected that the victory in San Joaquín would be broader, but we were still certain that we were going to win. In the commune we want a constitutional change and that was ratified with almost 54% of the votes in the area”, says the mayor. And he adds: “The fear of social networks influenced a lot, that was something I realized on the street, because there was a lot of fake news and the neighbors thought they were going to lose their houses or their pension funds. I believe that it is necessary to regulate how information is transmitted on the networks, that was a preponderant factor in the result at the national level”.
He also explains that during the process as a commune they had “a process of community work. I am a member of a political assembly and we have a deployment with other political sectors of the commune and we were deployed campaigning”.
“We are in a process of reflection, we can’t say we’re happybecause we lost the important possibility of having a wide range of social rights that I don’t know if they are going to give so widely in this new process. We still feel that we did the homework and that comforts us”, close.
In the commune where he serves as mayor Thomas Vodanović (RD), there were a total of 356,727 votes, with 178,898 Preferences for Approval and 170,877 (48.85%) for Rejection. They were joined by 5,318 invalids and 1,634 blanks.
In this case, the mayor was openly favorable to the option that triumphed in his communeactively campaigning for the Approval (“We are going to win, and we will build a better country together”, was one of his tweets about this) and being one of the mayors with the greatest affinity with President Boric.
“In Maipú we try to show a version of I Approve Dignity that governs not only for its adherents, but for all its neighbors. That understands listening not as a symbolic act, but as an action that guides and sets our political priorities”, indicates the mayor.
For the presidential elections, Boric had doubled Kast in votes (167,374 against 83,807) in Maipú and now the difference was only 8 thousand votes.
Although by a narrow margin, there were three other communes in Chile where the Approval was victorious. High Bridge it was the only case where he ended up winning that option in a municipality with a right-wing mayor (German Codina, RN).
In Ñuñoa serves as mayor Emilia Rios (RD)Meanwhile in Saint Anthony does it Constance Lizanawho, although independent, was in favor of Approval.
“This is a moment of reflection, the analysis of Ñuñoa must be aligned with the national context. The result shows a diverse communeay from that base we have to build to find concrete solutions to citizen demands. The task that lies ahead is to assume this reality responsibly, work to make sense of it and never leave self-criticism aside,” says Mayor Ríos.